The Lamps of the Fondatation are divided
in 4 historiographical era

ANTIQUITY

MIDDEL AGES

EARLY MODERN HISTORY

COMTEMPORARY HISTORY

4321What happened before there was electricity?
It is quite mechanically and one « turn the lights on » when the twilight falls. What do you know about, what was going on, before there was electric lighting? If so, there are a candles and tallow candles coming to your mind. The good old oil lamps one has simply forgotten. But it’s not even been two centuries since, the time of the lighting began with the petroleum lamp, but the oil lamp were used already thousands of years. Tallow candles and their successors, the candles are additional light sources  were found mostly in prosperous citizenry.